Whole Object Name
HOTOL Mission Patch
This mission patch depicts HOTOL (Horizontal Take-Off and Landing), a British design for a fully reusable, single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane. It was developed in the 1980s by a consortium led by Rolls Royce and British Aerospace. HOTOL would have the capability to launch a payload of seven to eight tonnes into low-Earth-orbit. Its goal was to provide a launch capability at considerably lower costs than NASA’s Space Shuttle.
HOTOL was designed to take off from a runway, like a conventional aircraft. The air-breathing jet engine designed by Rolls Royce, would switch to rocket propulsion at 26 to 32 kilometres high. This would have allowed HOTOL to reach hypersonic speeds. Having released the payload, HOTOL would then glide down to land back on a runway
Both industry and the British government attempted to establish international cooperation to develop, produce, and deploy HOTOL. This never came to fruition and funding for the project ended in 1989. However, the termination of development work on HOTOL led to the formation of Reaction Engines Limited (REL) to develop and produce Skylon, a proposed spacecraft based on HOTOL technologies.